It will be the purpose of this course to provide the dental student with a short, but comprehensive, survey of the human nervous system leading to the acquisition of a unified concept of neural structure and function. A working knowledge of the brain and spinal cord is essential to achieve an understanding of the significance of pathological changes in function resulting from lesions of the nervous system, many of which manifest themselves in the head and neck and oral cavity. Therefore, special emphasis will be placed upon a systemic analysis of these syndromes with the final additional goal, not only of strengthening the student's basic foundation of knowledge but also to begin to acquaint the student with the process of critical observation and the merging of basic and clinical data essential to success as a health professional.
The course in dental neuroscience will provide (1) an assessment of the structures that form the central and peripheral nervous system; (2) an analysis of neuronal and glial cells and their arrangement within representative nuclei; (3) a description of the major synaptic pathways by which information is conveyed up and down the neuraxis; (4) a general understanding of the important interactions that occur at each level of the nervous system; and (5) an examination of neural changes that underlie adaption (misadaptation) in both the developing and adult organism. Further, information in this course will address the areas of primary concern to the dentist-the pathways that convey,interpret, and react to facial pain.
TEXT AND MATERIALS
Required: Manter and Gatz's Essentials of Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology, 8th Edition. by Sid Gilman and Sarah Winans, published by F.A. Davis
Recommended: Histology and additional course work in advanced biology courses.
Test Percent of Overall Grade Quizzes (Quiz #1 = 10%; Quiz #2 = 15% 25% Written Mid-term Exam (includes basic Neuroanatomy, Functional Localization 35% and Neurochemistry Written Comprehensive Final Exam 40% (emphasizes major sensory and motor systems, lesions and resultant clinical syndromes and functional, molecular aspects of these conditions)
Exams in this course are generally objective and graded by computer. The questions consist of True or False, Matching and Multiple Choice, including "FLEX" multiples. At the discretion of the Course Director, short essay questions may also be used in the exam and written themes may also be assigned on topics in neuroscience to be determined by the faculty in the course. Grades will be determined for these themes based on their content and quality. Further details regarding this assignment will be given to the class by the Course Director. The following standardized grade conversion system will be used in this course for reporting final grades to the Office of Student Affairs for permanent recording. No curve or normalization of these grades will be applied.
A = 90 - 100 B = 80 - 89 C = 75 - 79 D = 70 - 74 F = 0 - 69 I = (see explanation)
"F" The "F" grade indicates failure of the course. "I" An "I" indicates incomplete work and is assigned when the reason for the incomplete can be verified as beyond the student's control. the deficiency must be removed by the student, at which time the"I" will be converted to the letter grade the student has earned.
Students are required to attend all scheduled appointments in each course. Absence in excess of 20% in any course will result in a failing grade for that course. Attendance will be monitored at each session.
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